Red Oak is a light to medium brown, usually with a reddish cast. Practically white to light brown sapwood is not always sharply defined from the heartwood. Quarter-sawn pieces may display noticeable ray fleck patterns.
Equally, the White Oak tends to be slightly more olive-colored, but is by no means a reliable method of determining the type of oak. This grain is straight, with a coarse uneven texture. These pores are very large and open.
Maple is unlike other hardwoods. The sapwood from a Hard Maple lumber is usually used other than its heartwood. Sapwood color varieties from nearly white, to an off-white cream color, occasionally with a reddish or golden shade. The heartwoods lean towards to be a darker reddish brown. Birdseye Maple is found mostly in Hard Maple, though it’s also found less frequently in other species. Hard Maple can also be seen with curly grain patterns. The grain is usually straight, but could be wavy.
American Cherry is light pinkish brown when it is freshly cut. Eventually it will darken to a deeper golden brown through time and upon exposure to light. Sapwood is a yellowish color. It has a fine touch with close grain. The grain is straight and easy to work with.
Ash is a light brown color. Darker shades can also be seen; this is sold as Olive Ash.
Sapwood is very wide, and is likely to be a beige or light brown. It has an average coarse texture which similar to oak. The grain is always straight and regular. Sometimes it can be temperately curly or figured boards can be found.
The Birch is typically a lighter reddish brown, also has nearly white sapwood. Sometimes presumed pieces are available with a wide, shallow curl which is comparable to the curl initiated in Cherry. There is almost no color difference amongst yearly development rings. This gives Birch a rather dull, unbroken look. The grain is normally straight or somewhat wavy with a fine even texture.
The Tiger Wood, also identified as Goncalo Alves and Jobillo. This is naturally an average reddish brown with erratically spaced lines of gloomy brown to black. It’s a color that usually leans in the direction of darkening with age. The grain can be conventional, but it is usually interlocked. It is having an unbroken texture with natural luster.
The Walnut varies from pale brown to a dark chocolate brown with darker brown lines. The color will occasionally have a grey, purple or even a reddish cast. Sapwood is a pale yellow to nearly white. Figured grain patterns like curl, crotch, and burl are commonly seen. The grain is normally straight, but it can also be irregular. It has an average surface and suitable ordinary luster.
The White Oak is light to medium brown. This certainly will have an olive cast. A Quarter-sawn unit will show obvious ray fleck designs. Equally, Red Oak is likely to be a redder. This is not a reliable method of determining the type of oak. The grain is straight, with a rough and uneven touch.
The Zebrano or Zebrawood, is lightly brown or cream color with low blackish brown streaks loosely close to a zebra’s stripes. Reliant on whether the wood is flatsawn or quarter-sawn, lines can be disordered and curly. The grain has a similar coarse texture with open pores. Grain is typically wavy or interlocked.